If you sell or want to sell electronics in the European Union, you should identify the legislation that applies to your product. Overall, electronics can fall under one of these three laws described below.

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Applicable legislation

Radio Equipment Directive (RED)

Radio equipment includes electrical or electronic devices intentionally emitting or receiving radio waves for communication or determination. Generally, all devices with Bluetooth, GPS, or Wi-Fi are examples of radio equipment, such as routers, remote, wireless headphones, remote-controlled toys, wall scanners, etc.

Low Voltage Directive (LVD)

Low voltage products are electronic products generating a voltage between 50 and 1000 V for alternating current, and between 75 and 1500 V for direct current. Some examples of LVD products are cables, wires, lighting equipment, electrical appliances, etc.

Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMC)

Electromagnetic compatibility refers to the compatibility of a device in the electromagnetic environment, ensuring that the product works as intended in that environment. The EMC Directive applies together with another legislation, such as General Product Safety Directive (GPSD) or Low Voltage Directive (LVD) to address safety aspects of a product. Lighting equipment, LED displays and monitors, LED television, microwaves are some examples of EMC products.

Electronics product also fall under the scope of the Market Surveillance Regulation, which states that non-EU manufacturers must have an economic operator based in a EU country, such as the authorised representative or the importer.


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