Type-approval for vehicles: Revised General Safety Regulation enters into force

The Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 on type-approval for vehicles of categories M, N and O, and systems, components and separate technical units designed and constructed for such vehicles, entered into force on 5 January 2020.

The objective of the Regulation is to:

•  Assure the safety of vehicles, vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users;

•  Improve fuel efficiency, CO2 emissions and generally environmental impact;

•  Increase mobility and improve the European automobile industry’s competitiveness on the global market.

New Rules with advanced safety features

As of July 2022, the new rules require all vehicle models introduced on the European market to be equipped with advanced safety features, such as:

•  Advanced emergency braking (cars, vans)

•  Alcohol interlock installation facilitation (cars, vans, trucks, buses)

•  Drowsiness and attention detection (cars, vans, trucks, buses)

•  Distraction recognition / prevention (cars, vans, trucks, buses)

•  Event/accident data recorder (cars, vans, trucks, buses)

•  Emergency stop signal (cars, vans, trucks, buses)

•  Full-width frontal occupant protection crash test - improved seatbelts (cars and vans)

•  Head impact zone enlargement for pedestrians and cyclists -safety glass in case of a crash (cars and vans)

•  Intelligent speed assistance (cars, vans, trucks, buses)

•  Lane-keeping assist (cars, vans)

•  Pole side impact occupant protection (cars, vans)

•  Reversing camera or detection system (cars, vans, trucks, buses)

•  Tyre pressure monitoring system (vans, trucks, buses)

•  Vulnerable road user detection and warning on front and side of the vehicle (trucks and buses)

•  Vulnerable road user improved direct vision from the driver’s position (trucks and buses)

Vision Zero

The new rules are a part of “Vision Zero”, a multi-national road traffic safety project. The main goal of Vision zero is to reduce the number of serious fatalities and injuries on the roads by 2050, following the practice of the most successful countries in road safety. Yet, it was agreed that:

•  Interim target for 2030 is set at 50% reduction in fatalities.

•  Reduction of serious injuries by 50 % following the Declaration of Valletta[1] adopted by the EU transport ministers that consolidate Vison Zero’s goal.

Nika Gavrilovic

Regulatory Affairs Department


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[1] http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-9994-2017-INIT/en/pdf