Low Voltage Products

Introduction to the Low Voltage on the EU Market

The LVD Directive includes both electrical equipment and components designed for use with:

  • a voltage rating between 50 and 1000 V for alternating current (AC) or
  • between 75 and 1500 V for direct current (DC).

These voltage ratings refer to the voltage of the electrical input or output, not to voltages that may appear inside the equipment.

Any product with a voltage below 50 V will regulated under the General Product Safety Directive and Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive.

EU Low Voltage Legislation

Until the publication of the Low Voltage Directive 2014/35/EU on February 26, 2014 and the subsequent 2 year transition period, the Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC was the reigning legal framework for low voltage electrical products. The Low Voltage legislation is one of the oldest legislation in the community.

From April 20th, 2016, the Low Voltage Directive 2014/35/EU became fully applicable in the EU as the only legal framework for low voltage products.


Key Facts

  • Any product placed and made available on the EU Market (either through e-commerce or brick-and-mortar) must comply with the Low Voltage Directive
  • Non-EU manufacturers wishing to make their products available to EU citizens should appoint a professional European Authorized Representative
  • Manufacturer is defined as:
any natural or legal person who manufactures electrical equipment or has electrical equipment designed or manufactured, and markets that equipment under his name or trade mark
  • Intervention of a Notified Body is not required for any conformity assessment procedures described in this Directive
  • Products which fail to comply may be subject to public notification (RAPEX), withdrawal/recall requirements, warehousing fees, fines or total destruction of the products and/or revocation of the CE Marking

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