The now repealed Directive of 1988 (CPD 89/106/EEC)
was aimed at creating conditions for the competitiveness of the construction and construction products industries. Therefore, the essential requirements regarding safety, public health, protection of citizens, and the environment must be fulfilled. It also provides guidelines for CE Marking
affix, vigilance and incident reporting, conformity assessment procedures.
The products must be suitable for construction works, thus the requirements for conformity concern actions which can be anticipated, in respect to:
Attestation of Conformity
- Mechanical resistance and stability: The construction works must be developed preventing loadings from collapsing of the entire or a part of the work, major deformations to an inadmissible degree, damage to other parts of the works, damage by an event to an extent disproportionate to the original cause;
- The products have to be suitable for construction tasks which are fit for their intended use. Thus, requirements refer to normal maintenance and concern actions which are foreseeable;
- Risk of fire: The construction works must be designed and built in such a way that in case of fire, the load-bearing capacity of the construction can be assumed for a limited period of time, the generation and spread of fire and smoke within the works are limited, the spread of the fire to neighboring construction works is limited, workers can leave the place or be rescued by other means and the safety of rescue teams is taken into account;
- Environmental, hygienic and health aspects: The construction work should not endanger the hygiene or health of the people. Particularly, the following aspects are considered:
- The giving-off of toxic gas
- The presence of dangerous particles or gases in the air
- The emission of dangerous radiation
- Pollution or poisoning of the water or soil
- Faulty elimination of waste water, smoke, solid or liquid wastes
- Presence of damp parts of the works or on surfaces within the works
- Safe use: The construction works must be designed and built without presenting unacceptable hazard of accidents in service like slipping, falling, collision, burns, electrocution, injury from explosion;
- Protection against noise: The construction works must be designed and built in such a way that noise will not endanger health of people and will allow them to sleep, rest and work in correct conditions;
- Energy economy and heat retention: The construction works and its heating, cooling and ventilation installations must be designed and built seeking not to save energy respecting the climatic conditions of the place and the occupants.
The manufacturer or his European Authorized Representative
, are responsible for the attestation that products are in conformity with the requirements of a technical specification (Standards and technical approvals).
Products that are subject to an attestation of conformity will benefit from the presumption of conformity, with technical specifications (standards and technical approvals). Conformity will be set up through testing or other evidence based on the technical specifications.
The conformity of a product is dependent on the manufacturer (who has a factory production control system to guarantee that production is compliant with the relevant technical specifications). In this case, a Declaration of Conformity for a product needs to be provided by the manufacturer, or his agent established on the European Economic Area
The procedure for a specific product or a set of products will be determined by the Commission after consultation of the committee, according to:
- The importance of the part played by the product in relation to the essential requirements, particularly those requirements in connection with health and safety;
- The nature of the product;
- The effect of the variability of the product’s characteristics and the possibility of having defects in the product’s manufacture.
The cheapest procedure consistent with safety will be the chosen one.
Conformity Control’s Methods
When the procedures for attestation of conformity of a product with technical specifications are determined, the following methods of control of conformity will be used. The chosen method depends on the criteria given above.
Conformity Attestation’s Systems
- Initial test done by the manufacturer or an approved body which determines the type of product;
- Testing of samples taken at the factory according to an already-defined test plan by the manufacturer or an approved body;
- Audit-testing of samples taken at the factory, on the open market or on a construction site by the manufacturer or an approved body;
- Testing of samples from a batch which is ready for delivery, or has been delivered, by the manufacturer or an approved body;
- Factory production control, inspection of factory and factory production control by an approved body;
- Continuous surveillance, judgment and evaluation of factory production control by an approved body.
Certification of the conformity of the product by an approved certification body based on:
- Manufacturer: Factory production control and testing of samples from the factory
- Approved body: An initial type-testing of the product, inspection of the factory, continuous surveillance, evaluation and approval of factory production control and possible audit-testing of samples from the factory
Declaration of conformity of the product by the manufacturer based on:
- Manufacturer: initial test to determine the type of the product, factory production control, possible testing of samples from the factory
- Approved body: Certification of factory production control
The manufacturer’s declaration of conformity or the certificate of conformity will give right to the manufacturer, or his representative established in the EEA, to affix the pertinent CE Marking
on the product, on a label attached to it, on its packaging or on the accompanying commercial documents.
For non-EU manufacturers, it is compulsory to appoint a European Authorized Representative
established within the European Community.
The directive portrays European Law in forced within the EEA; non-compliance with the directive’s requirements will result in the removal of the product from the market and the revoking of the CE marking affixed on the product.
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| Repealed Directive – CPD 89/106/EEC
| CPR 305/2011/EU Services